The Rocks, Sydney - review by Rusty Compass
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The Rocks, Sydney

| 22 Aug 2022
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The Rocks, Sydney
George St, Sydney
22 Aug 2022

The Rocks was the first British convict settlement in Australia and the place where the long dispossession of Australia’s First Peoples began. When the First Fleet threw down anchor in Sydney Cove in January 1788, the Rocks became the ramshackle settlement for the convicts. As the prison colony transitioned to a colonial economy, the area became an important port settlement. Today, The Rocks is one of Sydney’s most popular tourism destinations. Some of the best remnants of Sydney's colonial history and heritage are found here. Explore old cobblestone lanes, lined with 19th century and early 20th century buildings. Grab a drink or a bite in an historic pub, and soak up some of Sydney’s best views. The city’s most famous landmarks - The Harbour Bridge and the Opera House are close by. For an experience of The Rocks beyond the tourist bubble, check our guide below.

Note: The information provided in this review was correct at time of publishing but may change. For final clarification please check with the relevant service

Spend at least half a day exploring The Rocks if time allows. Mix up your wandering by visiting the museums - Museum of Contemporary Art, The Rocks Discovery Museum, the Susannah Place Museum and the Sydney Observatory.

There are a number of companies offering walking tours of The Rocks.

Architecture - The Rocks, Sydney
Photo: Mark Bowyer Georgian architecture - The Rocks, Sydney


A casual walk around the heritage highlights of Sydney's Rocks district

This casual walk around The Rocks landmarks will put you in touch with the history and evolution of the place.

Start at Cadman’s Cottage, right by the Museum of Contemporary Art on the harbour foreshore. Use maps to find these places in whichever order you choose. A little aimless wandering in The Rocks is a joy.

Cadman's Cottage

Cadman's Cottage dates back to 1816 and is the oldest surviving residence in the centre of Sydney. Once the home of coxswain and emancipated convict, John Cadman, in the mid 1800s the house became the headquarters of the Water Police. At the time, the harbour foreshore was just metres from the front of the house.

Cadman's Cottage, The Rocks Sydney - one of the oldest buildings
Photo: Mark Bowyer Cadman's Cottage, The Rocks Sydney - one of the oldest buildings

MCA Museum of Contemporary Art

Sydney's premier museum of contemporary art overlooks the harbour from a 1940s art deco building.  Before its conversion to a museum and gallery in 1991, this was Sydney’s Customs House. Prior to that, the colonial Commissariat Stores (1809) building was located on this site.  You'll need a few hours to properly explore the MCA.

The MCA’s rooftop cafe has cracking views of Sydney Harbour across to the Opera House. It’s a great spot for a morning coffee or a light bite. For more on the MCA, click here.

Museum of Contemporary Art - The Rocks, Sydney
Photo: Mark Bowyer Museum of Contemporary Art - The Rocks, Sydney


Cobblestone lanes


Take a detour off the main streets down some of the narrow cobblestone lanes of The Rocks, you'll get a real sense of the vibe of The Rocks and a perspective on some of the historic architecture. Head West off George St or North of Argyle St down any lane and you’ll likely be on cobblestones that date back to The Rocks’ early years.

The Rocks Discovery Museum

Just off Argyle St, this small free museum is surprisingly informative. Stop by for a look at the history of the area from Gadigal Indigenous times to the present. There are some interesting old courtyards along this cobblestone lane too.

Nurse's Walk


Sydney's first hospital was located in The Rocks. It would have been a place to stay well clear of. There are few if any remnants of the old hospital but the Nurse's Walk remembers those who took care of convicts and others in the colony until 1816 when the Rum Hospital opened on Macquarie St.

Susannah Place Museum

The 1840 Susannah Place museum is a set of old workers cottages and grocery store that is now open (infrequently) as a museum. It provides an excellent insight into life in The Rocks over the decades. Unfortunately it is rarely open at present. The building and its neighbourhood are worth a look even if closed.

Susannah Museum - The Rocks, Sydney
Photo: Mark Bowyer Susannah Place Museum - The Rocks, Sydney


Argyle Stores


Built between the 1820s and the 1870s, the Argyle stores are some of the earliest old stores on the harbour. They're now used for offices, bars and dining. Pop your head in for a look. You might grab a drink or a bite.

Argyle Cut

Designed as a route between the east and west of Argyle St, the Argyle Cut was started by convict labour in 1840 and then abandoned. It was resumed and completed in 1859.

Argyle Cut, The Rocks - built by convicts
Photo: Mark Bowyer Argyle Cut, The Rocks - built by convicts

 
Argyle Stairs

Head up the early 20th century stairs for some spectacular views across The Rocks, The Opera House and Sydney Harbour. Construction at the north end of the walk reduces some of the views. The rooftop at The Glenmore Hotel is a good spot for a drink with a view.

Garrison Church

The 1856 Garrison Church - Church Hill Anglican Church, is among the oldest in the centre of Sydney. It was known as the Garrison Church because it served regiments from the nearby garrison.

Garrison Church, The Rocks
Photo: Mark Bowyer Garrison Church, The Rocks


Observatory Hill and Sydney Observatory

Head up Observatory Hill for some of the best best views across The Rocks and Sydney Harbour. At the top of the hill, Sydney's old observatory is a museum worth checking out. From Observatory Hill, spend some time exploring around Windmill St and Lower Fort St for some fabulous old Rocks heritage houses and warehouses.

The Sydney view from Observatory Hill
Photo: Mark Bowyer The Sydney view from Observatory Hill


The foot of the Harbour Bridge

Walk down Lower Fort St towards the harbour at Dawes Point. The view of the base of Sydney’s Harbour Bridge is a nice contrast to the better known views from the top. It’ll take you further into this historic neighbourhood. Head back up the hill and you can get on to the bridge to walk across if you wish.

Beneath the Sydney Harbour Bridge, The Rocks
Photo: Mark Bowyer Beneath the Sydney Harbour Bridge, The Rocks
 
 

Historic pubs of The Rocks

The Rocks is home to some of Sydney’s oldest pubs. These three iconic drinkeries date back to the 1840s.

Lord Nelson Hotel

The 1841 Lord Nelson is a great old pub right by the Observatory. It's the "oldest continuously licensed pub in Sydney" and the interiors are mostly original. It's a good spot to take a breather.

Hero of Waterloo

Another cracking old Rocks pub is the 1840s Hero of Waterloo. It’s around the corner from the Lord Nelson and worth stopping for.

The Orient

The Orient, another 1840s pub on the site of the original convict hospital,  is a big venue on George St and the busiest of these three historic pubs.

Mark Bowyer
Mark Bowyer is the founder and publisher of Rusty Compass.
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